SCAPE – the Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology

SCAPE logo

SCAPE is the Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology.  Or possibly the Scandinavian Association of Pollination Ecology? Perhaps the Scandinavian Association of Pollination Ecologists or the Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecologists? Or is it just Scandinavian Pollination Ecology or Scandinavian Pollination Ecologists?  I’ve also seen it written as the Scandinvian Association of Pollination Egologists which I assume are typos rather than a reflection on the conceit of the participants and their geographical confusion!

The fact that no one can decide on the exact name, and that it seems to change from year to year, is just one of the charms of this annual scientific meeting, usually held in October.  Others include (expensive) Scandinavian beer; great food (usually); very hot saunas (except in Denmark); and exciting, stimulating scientific presentations and discussions.

The focus of the meeting is on pollination ecology, pollinator conservation, plant reproduction, pollinator behaviour and diversity, flower evolution, and related subjects. The SCAPE meeting has been held annually since 1987 and rotates around the Scandinavian countries of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.  As far as we are aware it is the longest running scientific meeting devoted to this area of research.

The SCAPE logo shows a small, mythical Scandinavian creature inspecting a flower with a magnifying glass – does anyone know who drew it?

A feature of SCAPE meetings is their friendly, informal nature which provides a supportive atmosphere for younger scientists (Master’s and PhD students, and postdoctoral researchers) to present their results.  The official language for the meeting is English, and attendees are increasingly drawn from Europe, North America, and other parts of the world.  In recent years SCAPE meetings have typically attracted between 50 and 70 participants, with about 30 oral presentations, plus posters.  In some years there are guest keynote speakers.

There is no formal organisational structure to SCAPE and each year an organising committee volunteers to host the meeting. The venues for SCAPE are often field stations owned and run by universities, or local conference centres.

Since 1987 SCAPE has been held in the following venues (click on the hyperlinks to access PDFs of the programme for that year):

1987 Sweden, Uppsala

1988 Sweden, Lund

1989 Sweden, Göteborg

1990 Denmark, Mols

1991 Sweden, Uppsala & Öland

1992 Denmark, Kongskilde

1993 Sweden, [where?]

1994 Norway, Utøya

1995 Finland, Lammi Biological Station

1996 Sweden, Umeå & Norrfäillsviken

1997 Sweden, Tjärnö

1998 Denmark, Sandbjerg

1999 Norway, Bergen

2000 Finland, Oulanka Biological Station

2001 Sweden, Finhamn

2002 Denmark, Kongskilde

2003 Norway, Oksenøen

2004 Finland, Seili

2005 Sweden, Tjärnö

2006 Sweden, Gålö

2007 Denmark, Fuglsø

2008 Norway, Kaupanger

2009 Finland, Seili

2010 Sweden, Tovetorp Research Station

2011 Denmark, Vingsted

2012 Norway, Skjærhalden Sjøbuer Conference Centre, Kirkøy

2013 Finland, Lammi Biological Station

2014 Sweden, Tovetorp Research Station

2015 Denmark, Vejlsøhus Hotel & Conference Centre, Silkeborg

2016 Sweden, STF Abisko Tourist Station, Abisko

2017 Norway, Reenskaug Hotell, DrøbakHere’s the list of participants

2018 Ireland, Avon Rí, BlessingtonHere’s the list of participants

2019 – the next SCAPE meeting will be held in Lund, Sweden in October 2019.  More details on the blog as they become available.


In 2000 some of the contributors to SCAPE published a festschrift in honour of Professor Knut Faegri entitled “The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri” (Totland et al. 2000).

SCAPE was the first international conference that I ever attended, as a PhD student in 1991, and it remains a meeting that I’m very fond of, and which I try to attend every other year or so.  Since beginning my blog I’ve written a number of accounts of the SCAPE meetings; if you search for “SCAPE” on the blog you will find them.

This page was originally intended to be an entry in Wikipedia.  However when I submitted it the Guardians of the Wiki declared that the meeting was not “notable” enough to warrant a page, so I’ve decided to host it here on my blog and use it to archive past SCAPE programmes and other information as it becomes available.

References and links

Totland, Ø., Armbruster, W.S., Fenster, C., Molau, U., Nilsson, L.A., Olesen, J.M., Ollerton, J., Philipp, M. & Ågren, J. [eds.] (2000) The Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology honours Knut Fægri. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi I. Matematisk-Naturvitenskapelig Klasse, Avhandlinger, Ny Serie 39: The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, Oslo.

I’m grateful to Professor Jens Mogens Olesen (Aarhus University) for sharing his collection of SCAPE programmes with me, and other SCAPE participants for sending programmes and information. Please feel free to comment below and to suggest edits, updates and additional content.  Here’s some group photos from past SCAPE meetings:


SCAPE 2018 group photo


SCAPE 2017 participants


SCAPE 2013 group photo.png





17 responses to “SCAPE – the Scandinavian Association for Pollination Ecology

  1. Renate Wesselingh

    Thanks for making all this information available, Jeff (by the way, it’s Tjärnö, not Tjernö, as Jens wrote). I have now finally checked in which years I participated, and it turns out that this year will be the 15th time I go to SCAPE! If you need them, I can provide the programmes for 2007 and 2008 (and you should have 2014, right? You were there!).

    Liked by 2 people

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  5. A question from Spain,
    Here I post and open question just in case someone here knows the answer: Is there DNA in floral nectar? An easy question with a non-easy answer as far as I know. Thanks for the comments and suggestions and greetings from Valencia.

    Liked by 2 people

    • Hi Juan – it might be better to post the question on ResearchGate. But my initial reaction is that I see no reason why there wouldn’t be DNA in nectar, from damaged cells within the flower.


    • Peter Bernhardt

      My apologies for such a late reply. You may want to review some of the classic literature on nectar glands including the books and papers of A. Fahn. He classified nectar glands on their locations within the flower but also their mode(s) of secretion. Fahn described some nectar glands as necrotic. Fluid release occurred as gland cells collapsed or ruptured. I believe he used cactus as primary examples of this system. Surely, the nectar will contain DNA. The papers of Stefan Vogel may also be useful.
      Here’s another odd possibility. Flowers pollinated by dung-carrion flies and beetles have scents rich in amines so where does all the Nitrogen come from? Is it possible these volatiles are based ultimately on degradation of nuclei in the collapsing cells of scent glands?

      Liked by 2 people

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